Three funicular railways – Gloria, Bica and Lavra – are fitted in convenient spots in Lisbon, taking you up to spectacular miradouros, orbelvederes. All are operated by Carris, the city transport undertaking.
The Gloria funicular was opened in 1885 and in February 2002 it was classified as a national monument. Located on the west side of the Avenida da Liberdade, in Restauradores square, just round the corner from the tourist office in Palácio Foz, the Gloria funicular connects Lisbon’s downtown with the Bairro Alto.
It takes you right up to the Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara, a wonderful look-out point with a shady statue-lined terrace and plenty of photo opportunities. Excellent views of the city and castle are to be had from the gardens.
Just across the road at Rua de S. Pedro de Alcântara, lies the Solar de Lisboa, a Port Wine Institute, where a vast range of port-wines may be tasted and purchased.
The Bica funicular climbs the Rua da Bica for 245 metres from the Rua S. Paulo, near Santos, to the Calhariz district(Calçada do Combro/Rua do Loreto).
The lower station of this funicular is almost hidden behind a façade on the Rua de S. Paulo with the inscription“Ascensor da Bica“. It was constructed by Raoul Mesnier de Ponsard and opened to the public in 1892.In 2002 it was designated a National Monument.
It’s the most traditional one, especially in June, during the Santo António festivities were people dance in the streets,listen to Fado, eat grilled sardines and drink.
Inaugurated in 1884, the Lavra funicular was the first transportation of this typed to defy the gravity laws and to provide one of Lisbon’s most steep areas, linking the Largo da Anunciada and the Travessa do Forno do Torel. It runs from the eastern side of the Avenida da Liberdade, near Restauradores Square, at a 25% gradient for 180 metres.
The Lavra funicular has the capacity for 22 people seating and 20 standing, and the journey takes about 2 minutes.
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